Principles and Guidelines

Food & Consumer Products of Canada (FCPC) is committed to environmentally sustainable business practices and its members are leaders in the reduction and recycling of packaging waste. Industry and manufacturers are taking responsibility for the packaging they use, and for the environmentally responsible disposal, reuse or recycling of these products. The industry's goal is to ensure effective, efficient and sustainable environmental solutions across Canada.


To be the most influential and effective voice for FCPC members in Canada in the development and implementation of viable, cost-efficient and harmonized packaging and product waste diversion programs, and to support member companies in adopting environmentally responsible business practices.


FCPC member companies:

  1. Subscribe to a course of continuous improvement in sustainable practices within their direct areas of operation and in cooperation with stakeholders throughout the supply chain.
  2. Use industry's creativity and core competencies in innovation and technology to drive environmentally sustainable solutions and achieve business goals.
  3. Endorse a shared responsibility approach to sustainable development based on recognition that every participant in the value chain has a vital role to play both individually and collectively.

Guiding Principles for Developing Environmentally Sustainable Stewardship Programs

FCPC member companies advocate a shared approach to product stewardship that recognizes that both manufacturers (brand owners) and governments have a unique and distinct role in promoting environmental stewardship.  FCPC member companies have developed a set of guiding principles for developing environmentally sustainable stewardship programs that are anchored in a shared responsibility approach:

1. Level-playing field

  • Programs should seek to create a level-playing field with all stewards paying their fair share of the cost of managing their post-consumer waste.

2. Sustainable Packaging

  • Industry endorses the definition of sustainable packaging articulated by the Sustainable Packaging Coalition.
  • Industry will strive to reduce its packaging footprint through a process of continuous improvement. The goal is to make packaging choices that: 

- Are beneficial, safe & healthy for individuals and communities throughout its life cycle
- Meet market criteria for performance and cost
- Are sourced, manufactured, transported, and recycled using renewable energy
- Maximize the use of renewable or recycled source materials
- Are manufactured using clean production technologies and best practices
- Are made from materials healthy in all probable end-of-life scenarios
- Are physically designed to optimize materials and energy
- Are effectively recovered and utilized in biological and/or industrial cradle to cradle cycles

3. Harmonization

  • Industry supports the harmonization of provincial regulations and requirements related to packaging stewardship to the greatest extent possible

4. Accountability and Transparency of Costs

  • The calculation of fees for waste materials should respect the principle of “no cross subsidization”
  • Costs must accrue proportionately to all stewards in direct relation to the costs associated with managing their packaging waste
  • Fees/costs should be traceable and visible

5. Cost-effective and Efficient Programs

  • In jurisdictions where industry bears the majority of the costs for funding stewardship programs, industry reserves its prerogative to outsource waste management operations to third party providers
  • Where possible waste management should be integrated to minimize the inefficiencies and costs associated with managing several separate waste streams

6. Governance

  • In jurisdictions where industry shares costs with public providers, joint governance is required in accordance with a pay-for-say approach inherent in private-public partnerships
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